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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 378-383

Prevalence of substance use and assessment of sleep quality, stress, and anxiety in police personnel in the pandemic

Department of Psychiatry, Bharati Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashika B George
Department of Psychiatry, Bharati Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_127_21

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Background: COVID-19 pandemic has thrown everyone into crisis mode. Lockdowns have affected police personnel, especially as they were working on the ground level. Our study aims to assess the prevalence of substance use and assess the stress, anxiety, and sleep quality among police personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design: This design was a cross-sectional study, July–September 2020. Setting: This study was conducted at Bharati Vidyapeeth Police Station. Materials and Methods: One hundred police personnel were selected at random and interviewed. The Perceived Stress Scale and Symptoms of Stress Scale, the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale, Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were used. Statistical Analysis: The collected data were coded and entered in Microsoft Excel sheet, were analyzed using inferential and descriptive analysis as mean, standard deviation, t-test, and Chi-square by Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences version 20.0 software. Results: The stress assessed using the SPSS and inferential and descriptive analysis came out to be as follows: 1% with high stress, 33% with moderate stress, and 66% experiencing low stress. The prevalence of CRA was found to be 8%. A total of 31% were found to have some sleep issues. A total of 44% of the police personnel were found to use some substance, with the prevalence of alcohol being 32% and nicotine being 22%. There was no significant association found between anxiety, stress, and sleep quality with substance use in the study. There was no significant relationship found between sociodemographic profile and scores on the scales used.

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