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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 229-232

A cross-sectional descriptive study of effects of occupational stress on mental health of staff nurses of a tertiary care hospital in a metropolitan city

1 Department of Community Medicine, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sagar Karia
OPD 21, New OPD Building, 2nd Floor, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and G.H., Sion, Mumbai - 400 022, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_133_21

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Background: Compared to other professions, nurses experience the greatest degree of job stress. Persistent stress is harmful to physical and mental health resulting in apathy, sleep disturbance, frequent absence from work, drug abuse, feelings of inadequacy, physical and nutritional problems, increased health-care cost, and loss of job satisfaction. Hence, this study was done to find the prevalence of occupational stress and its effect on mental health of nurses working in a tertiary care center. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among staff nurses after approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee. Sociodemographic data along with their occupational history was collected in a semistructured pro forma. The Professional Life Stress Scale by David Fontanna (PLSS) was used for evaluating occupational stress, and the Mental Health Questionnaire was prepared for evaluating mental health issues. Results: One hundred and eighty-seven nurses were included in the study, with a mean age being around 40 years and mean duration of service being around 18 years. About 45% of them had stress as per DFPS and departments in which they were working did not affect the stress levels. 8.5% of them had elevated paranoia scores and 7.4% had high depressive scores. DFPS had no significant correlation with age of staff nurses and years of experience but had a significant correlation with scores of all domains of mental health. Conclusions: It is concluded from the present study that professional stress has a great impact on health of staff nurses. There is a need for hospital management to develop appropriate intervention programs to reduce workload, make regular shift schedules, and provide positive reinforcements for nurses to reduce anxiety, stress, and depression.

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