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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 202-208

Noninvasive brain stimulation for cognitive impairment in schizophrenia: Shreds of evidence


Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sujita Kumar Kar
Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_105_22

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Schizophrenia is a chronic illness that causes significant impairment in various areas of life. Patients with schizophrenia typically develop symptoms in their second to third decades of life and have a waxing-waning course. The combination of genetics and the environment is essential in developing schizophrenia. Despite proper treatment trials, many patients remain sick and dysfunctional. In patients with schizophrenia, cognitive impairment is a prevalent symptom. Patients frequently display a variety of cognitive abnormalities, including those affecting verbal fluency, executive function, working memory, attention, focus, visuospatial skills, and social cognition. Neuroplasticity is impaired in schizophrenia, and cognitive remediation procedures have improved neuroplasticity. Evidence suggests that cognitive remediation procedures can help patients with schizophrenia address their cognitive difficulties. This review attempts to evaluate the scope of various noninvasive brain stimulation to treat cognitive impairment in schizophrenia.


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