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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-129

Background of suicide amidst COVID-19 pandemic in India: A review of published literature

1 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, St Thomas College of Nursing, Changanassery, India
2 Department of Child Health Nursing, Shri Shankaracharya College of Nursing, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India
3 Department of Nursing, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Venjarammoodu, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
L Manoj Kumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, St Thomas College of Nursing, Changanassery
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_23_22

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Background and Objectives: Globally, suicide is a pertinent public health crisis that affects almost all nations cross-culturally. Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in many countries, even before the COVID-19 pandemic hit worldwide. India, a nation developing rapidly, is also not free from the leashes of suicide deaths. COVID-19 augmented the rate of suicide due to multifaceted determinants. Adequate empirical evidence about data on suicide is also scarce. Materials and Methods: This review synthesizes determinants, available demographic correlates, and reported rates of suicide published in the Indian context. The authors conducted a thorough literature search to find published English free full-text scientific articles related to suicide during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Indian context. Databases relied on for literature were PubMed, Google scholar, and PLOS one databases using comprehensive search strategies to avail the maximum number of studies. Results: Ten out of 76 studies available in the initial search were analyzed thoroughly for ruling out determinants, rates, and sociodemographic correlates of suicide. Fear of COVID-19 infection, financial crisis, mental breakdown, and job loss are cardinal reasons attributed for suicide, and male suicides are more prevalent in this arena. Interpretation and Conclusions: Findings portray factors such as fear of COVID-19 diagnosis, apprehension to become infected, financial crisis, loss of job, and isolation are some of the significant determinants quoted out. The study points out the need for multifaceted policies in preventing this public health crisis.

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