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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 73-81

Knowledge and attitude of nurses toward delirium

Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sandeep Grover
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_134_21

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Aim: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the attitude, practice, and knowledge among the nurses about the delirium in a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: The study included 138 nurses working in a tertiary care multispecialty hospital in North India. The knowledge and attitude toward delirium were assessed by using a self-designed questionnaire (33 questions), of which 26 items specifically evaluated the knowledge and attitude toward various aspects of delirium. Results: The majority of the participants were females (83.3%), had done graduation (92.8%) in nursing, were junior nursing staff, and were directly in contact with the patient's care. The study shows that the majority of the nurses have poor knowledge about the etiology, prevalence, symptoms, and not aware of the screen procedure and instruments for delirium. Further, they lacked knowledge about the pharmacological and nonpharmacological management of delirium. A majority (83.3%) of the nurses opined that the psychiatry ward is the best place to manage patients with delirium. The majority of the nurses routinely did not screen their patients with delirium and did not know the screening instruments (84.4%) available for delirium. A majority (92.8%) of the nurses opined that they were never trained specifically to assess and manage delirium, and 98.6% expressed willingness for training. Conclusion: This study suggests that nurses working in intensive care unit and emergency settings in a tertiary care hospital in India have poor knowledge, negative attitudes, and poor practices about delirium.

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