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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 158-163

COVID-19 impact on mental health, sleep quality and various aspects of life of medical students and interns, and nonmedical students: A comparative study in Indian scenario


1 Department of Pathology, Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of MBBS Student, Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Physiology, Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, Central Hospital, Gondia, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vaishali Baburao Nagose
Flat No. 306, B Wing, Gyan Chetna Residency, Opposite Godavari College of Engineering, Jalgaon - 425 001, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_79_21

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Context: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all the age groups, especially worsening the already stressful life of college students. Aims: The aims are to study the differences in the COVID-19 impact on mental health including depression, sleep quality, and various areas of life in undergraduate students (medical and nonmedical) and medical interns. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study in the form of an online survey was conducted through Google Form containing the questionnaire having Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), questions pertaining to the different aspects of life affected due to COVID-19. Statistical Analysis Used: The results of the groups were compared using two sample t-test and one-way ANOVA. Results: A total of 355 students responded (202 medical and 101 nonmedical students and 52 medical interns). The difference in psychological distress and sleep quality was statistically significant in all three groups. The average scores of K10 depicted psychological distress being moderate in nonmedical and mild in medical students and interns; of PSQI showed the prevalence of poor sleep quality being maximum in interns and minimum in medical students. 40% medical students reported positive impact on diet and about half of the medical and nonmedical students on familial relationships. Conclusions: Statistically significant differences in the three study groups with respect to psychological distress, sleep quality, and COVID-19 impact on various aspects of life indicate the requirement of identification of their different needs and required interventions including mental health support, possibly at the institutional levels are the need of the hour.


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