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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 101-108

Is there a protective model against suicide?

1 Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Saraswati Medical College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Mona Srivastava
36/2 HIG, Kabir Nagar Colony, Durgakund, Varanasi - 221 005, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_3_18

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Background: Suicide is a major concern to medical professionals because of the association of social, personal, occupational domains, and a dearth of effective interventions especially so in our set up. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare and correlate different factors influencing suicide attempts and draw a model regarding their role in suicidal behavior. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 consecutive suicide attempters were recruited in the study, in which the correlation analysis was performed between presumptive life events scale, social support scale and coping style questionnaire and partial regression analysis among eight factors influencing suicidal behavior. Results: Correlation between social support and coping mechanism showed a significant positive correlation between four components. Correlation between total life events and coping questionnaire, positive significant correlation was found in six set of factors and correlation between total life events and social support total 15 set of factors were having significant correlation only one of them is positively correlated. A linear regression model was drawn most influencing factor was psychiatric illness and least is perceived support. Conclusion: Suicide attempts are influenced by many factors some are protective, and some are risk factors. This analysis shows that not individually but many factors are correlated with each other significantly so that they can give additional risk or protection. Therefore, a common model set can be drawn to minimize risk factors and maximize protective factors to implement suicide prevention strategies. These steps can contribute in decreasing the morbidity of suicide significantly and also the burden associated with it.

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