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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-21

A study on postgraduate medical students academic motivation and attitudes to research

Department of Psychiatry, Seth GSMC and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Neena S Sawant
Department of Psychiatry, Seth GSMC and KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aip.aip_7_17

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Background: Medical students do postgraduation in a specific branch for a particular motive and goal in life. Due to workload, they have less desire to do research or even pursue academics. This study was undertaken to study the differences among the clinical and nonclinical postgraduate students in the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation to learning and the attitudes to research. Methods: This study was conducted in 373 postgraduate students in a tertiary care hospital after written informed consent and ethics approval. A semi-structured questionnaire, academic motivation scale, and attitudes toward research scale collected the information about aims of the study. Results: Two groups were formed depending on the disciplines being pursued by the students, namely, clinical (n = 245) and nonclinical (n = 128). The nonclinical group showed significant differences on extrinsic motivation (t = 2.886, P = 0.0004), total motivation (t = 2.92, P = 0.0024), and attitudes to research students (t = 11.14, P = 0.0001) as compared to the clinical disciplines. However, on the intrinsic motivation subscale, no significant differences were seen. Discussion: The nonclinical postgraduate students were influenced by extrinsic factors to pursue learning and gain mastery as well as to do research. Students pursuing clinical disciplines had lower scores for academic motivation as well as attitudes to research. Time constraints, lack of infrastructure, and clinical workload add to the woes of clinical students. Conclusion: The results of this study will help us in determining the ways of improving motivation of postgraduate medical students toward academics and research.

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